Appearance: White lyophilized solid
Purity rate: > 97 %
AA sequence: Gly-Tyr-Cys3-Ala-Glu-Lys-Gly-Ile-Arg-Cys10-Asp-Asp-Ile-His-Cys15-Cys16-Thr-Gly-Leu-Lys-Cys21-Lys-Cys23-Asn-Ala-Ser-Gly-Tyr-Asn-Cys30-Val-Cys32-Arg-Lys-Lys-NH2
Length (aa): 35
Purotoxin-1 (PT-1) is a peptide originally isolated from the Central Asian spider Geolycosa sp. Purotoxin-1 was shown to inhibit selectively P2X3 receptor channels at a 100 nM concentration. Studies were carried-out on cultured rat DRG neurons. Patch-clamp experiments did not show any inhibitory effect of PT-1 on voltage-gated channels (potentials range tested from -100 to 20 mV), neither on TRPV1 (after activation with 500 nM capsaicin). The selectivity of Purotoxin-1 for P2X3 was highlighted by activating this receptor with 10 µM ATP and 100 µM α, β Methylene-ATP. Indeed, unlike P2X3, P2X2 and heterodimer P2X2/3 are known to be not sensitive to such concentrations. Moreover, P2X3, P2X2, and P2X2/3 are the only known ATP-sensitive receptors expressed in plasma membranes of DRG neurons. So, the observed effect seems to be well related to a selective inhibition of P2X3. P2X3-mediated current was fully inhibited with 100 nM Purotoxin-1, making it the most potent and selective ligand for P2X3.